By two and a half, toilet training in many has started. Boys need to learn to sit before they stand with both urinating and defecating. Once your toddler has mastered both while sitting, show him how to stand and demonstrate how urinating standing should be done. This is a heroic feat for Dad! Don’t be concerned about mess and aim – it's more important to be positive. But toilet training and hygiene should go hand in hand as toddlers are now old enough to wash and dry their own hands, and both boys and girls should be encouraged to do this every time after using the toilet. Don't be alarmed if your toddler has no interest yet, this is normal too. Some start the process as late as 3 to 3 1/2 years old.
Some twenty-eight to thirty month old toddlers will be able to recount events that happened earlier in the day or the day before and respond to questions when asked what and where, as the long term memory begins to be cultivated. Your toddler's ability to reason and an understanding of what "now", "soon" and "later" will follow soon after. Structure and consistency are useful for helping this along, and looking at photos with your toddler may jog her memory and enable her to think of events in time frames and name a friend she sees in a picture as well as recognize herself in a photo.
She will continue to develop a sense of time and an order of the day through routine and daily activities such as dinner time, nap time, night time, etc.
Around this time, your toddler will also use conventional word order to form more complex sentences, and express negative statements by tacking on negative words such as 'not' to other words. Reading books together also stimulates your toddler to ask questions and learn new words and hone her communication skills